If you are currently in a Chapter 13 bankruptcy and want to purchase a new vehicle there are several things that must be done. The information below is extremely important to the success of you being able to get a new vehicle so read it very, very carefully. It is critical that you get the court’s permission before going and incurring any debt (loans) on your own. To make the process as clear as possible we have broken it up into five different steps.
If you are in a Chapter 7 case, it is usually best to just wait until the bankruptcy case is completed and then if you need to withdraw funds or take out a loan, you can do so. If you request court permission during your bankruptcy, there will be attorney fees involved and it could lengthen your time in the bankruptcy case.
If you are in a Chapter 13 case, you need to contact your attorney as soon as you realize you may need a loan or withdrawal. The process takes some time, and usually your income and expenses have to be reviewed along with drafting the motion, filing the motion, and waiting for a court hearing. This whole process can take at least a month. Your attorney will also ask you specific questions about why you need to do the withdrawal or loan. The court will only approve withdrawals or loans if they are necessary, such as to fix your air conditioning unit, pay for a medical procedure, etc. The court will not approve the withdrawal or loan for unnecessary reasons such as taking a vacation or installing a swimming pool in your backyard.
Remember, communication with your attorney during your bankruptcy case is the key to a successful case. If you are ever in doubt, contact your attorney to find out how to proceed, but remember you cannot touch your retirement account during your bankruptcy case without getting court permission.
Of course! The court does not expect everyone who files bankruptcy to be down, out, and unemployed. That’s just not how life works; our clients are good hard working people who have simply fallen on hard times. You may have a job and file a bankruptcy and in most cases unless you have signed something stating that the employer must be notified if you file a bankruptcy, your employer wouldn’t have a clue you even filed.
In your petition you are required to report your income in several different areas. You will have to show your earnings for the past two years, where you work now and what your expected income going forward as well as what you have earned in the past 6 months prior to filing the bankruptcy. In bankruptcy, your income is calculated based upon a “Means Test”; although there are many other types of income besides employment that are also a factor in the means test. This tells the court whether or not you qualify for a Chapter 7 bankruptcy or if you will need to file a Chapter 13 bankruptcy based upon your income.
In the event that you file a Chapter 13 bankruptcy your debts are a factor, but your plan payments will be based also largely upon your past 6 months of income. For example, let’s say that based upon your arrears and debt in the plan, you’re looking at plan payments of $500 per month, BUT based upon your prior 6 months, your income shows that you have an extra $1,000 left over each month. You would make a payment closer to the $1,000 mark because your prior income states that you can afford it.
Also, in the occurrence that you file a bankruptcy and you have any secured items in which you may wish to keep (such as a house, car, jewelry, furniture, or electronics) you must be able to show that you can afford to make the contractual monthly payments. The court will not allow you to file a Chapter 7 bankruptcy unemployed and still keep your home unless you can show you are getting income from another source (like family support) to show you can afford the monthly payment. Bankruptcy court has been enacted to help consumers. Whether you have a job or not does have an impact on your bankruptcy options but you can certainly still file a bankruptcy even if you do not have a job.
When you are having trouble making your house payments, there are options that might work well for you. One of these options is a loan modification. This is when the bank changes your loan so that you have a lower, more affordable monthly payment. Many people who try to obtain a loan modification have been facing delays of all types.
When trying to get a loan modification, there is a lot of paperwork that the lender will need to determine whether you will qualify. Once the documents are submitted to the lender, some people will then get notification from the bank that either they are missing paperwork or that additional paperwork is needed. Another thing that seems to be common lately in the process is the lender telling the homeowner that they have missed a deadline. If that happens, they may even go back to the beginning of the process and start everything over. Typically, that means the homeowner has new deadlines, and has to submit all or some the paperwork over again.
It seems common lately for banks to say that they will not even consider a loan modification if you are current on the payments. They encourage people to stop making the payments so that they will have a better chance of getting a loan modification. Then, after the homeowner is several months behind in payments, the bank denies them the modification and the foreclosure process begins.
Typically, after applying for a loan modification, the lender will put the homeowner on a trial period for a few months at the lower payment amount. Make sure you keep all information pertaining to these payments. It has not been uncommon lately for the lender to either say they did not receive the payment on time or at all, or they do not credit the payment to your account correctly.
So if you are looking into the possibility of modifying your loan, be sure you are prepared for the possibility of long delays and a lot of paperwork. There could be more than one person handling your account, so make sure you write down and keep track of the entire process, including who you talk to, what papers you receive in the mail, what payments you send in, etc. Also, be sure you are persistent and follow up with the bank so you don’t slip through the cracks.
If you are behind on your house payments and are considering filing Chapter 13 bankruptcy to save your home, it is important that you find out whether you have forced placed insurance.
Your bankruptcy attorney may ask you whether your homeowner’s insurance payments are usually included in your mortgage payments (in other words, whether your insurance is escrowed). If your answer to that question is yes, but you are several months behind on your mortgage payments, there are further steps you need to take.
When you fall behind on mortgage payments, the mortgage company is no longer receiving money from you each month to make your homeowner’s insurance payment on your behalf. Therefore, the homeowner’s insurance may lapse due to non-payment. The mortgage company cannot have the liability of a house with no insurance coverage, so the mortgage company will pay for insurance on your behalf. This is called forced-placed insurance because the mortgage company is essentially forcing it onto your home since there is no other insurance coverage on your home.
Why should you be concerned about forced placed insurance? The reason is that this insurance is generally much more expensive than the insurance you could find and pay for on your own. When your Chapter 13 bankruptcy is filed, the mortgage company will add the forced placed insurance costs onto the amount you are behind on payments. In the end, this could cause your Chapter 13 plan payment to be higher than necessary.
If you contact your mortgage company and find out there is forced-placed insurance on your property, speak with your Chapter 13 bankruptcy attorney about your options. He or she may recommend that you obtain your own property insurance that you will pay for out of pocket. Your attorney will also remind you to notify the mortgage company with proof of the new coverage when it has been obtained, so the forced-placed insurance can be cancelled.